Plenary Talks

André R. Studart*
Associate Professor for Complex Materials at ETH Zurich Switzerland
Mike Murray
Chief Technology Officer Morgan Advanced Materials United Kingdon
Masahiro Yoshimura
Distinguished Chair Professor, Dept of Mater., Sci. and Eng., National Cheng Kung University, Tainan,Taiwan
Prof. Emeritus. Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan
Edgar Dutra Zanotto
Director of the Center for Research, Technology and Education in Vitreous Materials, Department of Materials Engineering, Federal University of São Carlos, Brazil

"Ceramics inspired by nature"

"Materiomics and emerging manufacturing technologies for sustainable development"

"Why Soft Processing (=Low-Energy Production) of Advanced Materials is Difficult but Necessary for Sustainable Society?"

"Glasses and Glass Transition for Ceramists"

ANDRÉ R. STUDART* is Associate Professor for Complex Materials at ETH Zurich, Switzerland. He obtained his BSc and PhD degrees in Materials Science and Engineering from the Federal University of São Carlos, Brazil. Before his faculty appointment, André worked as post-doctoral fellow at ETH Zurich and Harvard University. He is currently Director of the ETH Zurich Competence Centre for Materials and Processes. Research in his group covers a wide range of interdisciplinary topics, including soft matter, bioinspired materials, microfluidics, additive manufacturing and functional materials.

MIKE MURRAY is the chief technology officer for Morgan Advanced Materials plc, where he has worked in a variety of roles for the last 22 years. Morgan is a c£1bn business delivering differentiated advanced materials technologies (including ceramics, carbon, and polymeric composites) to a range of attractive growth markets. Key market sectors include petrochemical/industrial, transportation, security and defence, energy, healthcare and electronics.
Murray is a materials science engineer by training, with his Ph.D. in ceramic engineering, with both degrees obtained at the University of Birmingham in the UK. He is currently the chairman of the government funded KTN (Knowledge Transfer Network) Powders Advisory Board and also sits on the Materials Sector Board to advise the UK Technology Strategy Board. In the past he has been chairman of both BSI and CEN international standards committees for advanced ceramics and has worked as a member of BSI and ASTM in development of medical device standards, and was the UK delegate at ISO TC150. As a member of the EPSRC (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council) peer review panel, he is critically assessing the funding priorities of science in the UK and recommending research priorities to government.
Having published over 25 papers in peer-reviewed journals and conference proceedings; he is regularly an invited keynote or plenary speaker for international meetings and a delegate on UK trade missions.

MASAHIRO YOSHIMURA was graduated for B.S. at 1965, M.S. at 1967 and D. Sc. in Engineering at 1970 from Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan. Then 1970, Research Assoc., 1978 Assoc. Prof., 1985 Full Prof. in Materials and Structures Laboratory, Tokyo Institute of Technology. During those periods, 1973-1975 Post Doc. in 3 CNRS Labs. (Odeillo, Orleans and Paris) in France, and 1975-1977 in Mass. Inst. Tech., USA. He was the Director of Center for Materials Design for 1996-2002. He retired at 2008, Professor Emeritus, from Tokyo Institute of Technology. After experienced several Visiting/Guest Profs. in Tohoku Univ., Japan, Univ. Limerick, Ireland, ETH Zurich, Switzerland, Inst. Metal. Res., CAS, Shenyang, China, etc. he has been in National Cheng Kung Univ., Taiwan since Feb. 2010 as a Visiting Chair Prof. then now Distinguished Chair Prof. and Director of Promotion Center for Global Materials Research, NCKU, since July 2011. He received, Academic Award (1993) from The Ceramic Soc. Japan, 10th Fulrath Pacific Award (1987) and Fellow (1995) from The Amer. Ceram. Soc., International Award (2001) from European Ceramic Soc., IUMRS Somiya Award for International Collaborative Work, IUMRS (2002), Honorary Members in MRS –India (2003), Research Award, Ministry of Education, Culture & Science, Japan (2007), Lee Hsun Award, Institute of Metal Research, CAS, Shenyang, China (2008) and Honorable Permanent Resident Visa, Taiwan (2012), Honorary Fellow of European Ceramic Society (2017), Distinguished Life Member from Amer. Ceram. Soc. (2017). etc. He is nominated form Thomson-Reuter as ISI Highly-Cited Researcher (2001). Now he has >730 peer-reviewed Papers, 84 Reviews, 4 Books (47 Book Chapters) & >30 Patents, and >18,000 International. Citations with h-index >68, in Google Scholars: >28,700 Citations with h-index= 78. He has served as 19 Organizing Chairs, i.e IUMRS-ICA, Chiba, 1997, IUMRS-ICAM, Yokohama, 2003, and International Conference in Hydrothermal Reactions, Sendai, 2006, 6th ISHA, 2016, Tainan, Taiwan. Mater Sci 2017, Valencia, Spain, etc. joined as 64 International Advisory/Organizing Committees, 26 Plenary Lectures, i.e. MS&T, San Francisco (2000), ICMAT, Singapore (2003), Hydrothermal/Solvothermal Symposia, Kochi, Japan (2000) Mysore, India (2004), Sendai, Japan (2006), Nottingham, UK (2008), Beijing, China (2010), 3rd SCESCM, Bali (2016), Materials Science 2016, Dubai and 2017, Valencia, etc. and he gave >220 Invited/Keynote Lectures in International Meetings. He is the Editor in Chief of Mater Sci Letters (Sci Fed), one of Editors in Solid State Science (since 1988), J. Nanomaterials (since 2004), Nano Letters (2002-2005), etc. and Guest Editors in MRS Bull, Oct. 1994 & Sept. 2000, Euro. J. Solid State and Inorg. Chem. 1995, Solid State Ionics, 152/154, 2002, J. Mater. Sci. 2006&2007, etc. He is Founding President (2006-2008), International Solvothermal and Hydrothermal Association (ISHA), President of the Advisory Board (2010-2014), Chairman of the Nomination Committee, 2002, 2004 & 2006 in The World Academy of Ceramics (WAC), An Advisory Officer, IUMRS (Audit Elect 2007-2008, Former President of MRS-Japan). He has cooperated with 24 visiting Professors (12 from abroad), 38 Postdoctoral Researchers, (27 from abroad), 12 visiting Researchers from abroad, Supervised 56 Ph.D (16 foreigners) Students and candidates, >70 Master Students, 30 Research Students during his professorship in Tokyo Institute of Technology. In NCKU many cooperations have been going mostly based upon MOU with global academicians. i.e. Profs. Yury Gogotsi (Drexel Univ., USA), Takayoshi Sasaki (NIMS, Japan), Jin-Ho Choy (Ewha Womans Univ., Korea), K. Byrappa (Mysore Univ., India), Shu-Hong Yu (Univ. Sci. Tech. China, China), C.N.R. Rao (India) with 12 Pos-docs, and 8 professors in NCKU. With their graduate students, then published 20 papers in high IP Journals.

EDGAR DUTRA ZANOTTO is a professor of materials science at the Federal University of São Carlos, Brazil, director of the CeRTEV ( [1]), editor of the Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, member of the Editorial Board of 6 scientific journals, and president of the scientific council of the Serrapilheira Institute. His work focuses on fundamental and applied research on the crystallization kinetics and properties of glasses and glass-ceramics. Zanotto has published approximately 250 original and review papers, 21 book chapters, 3 books, 5 book prefaces, 20 patents, and advised about 75 theses. He chaired 6 of the most important glass congresses, was a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of more than 50 materials and glass congresses, and delivered more than 300 conference presentations, including approximately 140 invited and 20 plenary talks. He is a member of both Brazilian and São Paulo State Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS), World Academy of Ceramics, and Fellow of the Soc. Glass Technology, UK, and American Ceramic Society. His 32 awards include some of the most important Brazilian awards: Admiral Alvaro Alberto, Knight (Comendador), and Scientist of the Year - Nanomaterials 2017 - as well as the TWAS Engineering Sciences Award, and 5 of the most important international glass research awards: Zachariasen Award, Gottardi Prize, Morey Award, Turner Lecture and Cooper Lecture.

Ceramics inspired by nature

André R. Studart*
Complex Materials, Department of Materials, ETH Zurich, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland

Bioinspired ceramics featuring remarkable properties and functionalities have been successfully created by combining biological design principles with advanced manufacturing technologies. Using for example design principles encoded in the structure of mollusk shells, colloidal assembly approaches have led to bioinspired ceramics whose stiffness and toughness exceed the limits expected from the constituent brittle building blocks. In this talk, I will present some of the manufacturing technologies that have been historically developed to fabricate biologically-inspired tough structural materials and how such bioinspired architectures have now been used as model systems to better understand the toughening mechanisms responsible for the unique fracture resistance of shells. Experiments and theory have shown that highly aligned inorganic platelets connected by an optimal density of mineral bridges are crucial to enhance the toughness of shell- inspired architectures without compromising their high elastic modulus and strength. Beyond mechanical properties, I will also show how advanced colloidal processing can also be used to create ceramics that self-shape into intricate geometries during sintering, following the design principles of plant seedpods. Exploiting the similarities and differences between bioinspired artificial architectures and biological materials opens exciting opportunities to design and fabricate synthetic ceramics with unprecedented properties and to shed new light into the design strategies that emerged from the evolution of structural materials in Nature.



Materiomics and emerging manufacturing technologies for sustainable development

Mike Murray
Chief Technology Officer Morgan Advanced Materials United Kingdon

Materiomics is defined as the holistic study of material systems. Materials science in itself is one of the most interdisciplinary subjects within science today and the links between physiochemical material properties and material characteristics and function are of continual focus today, and still drive many research efforts. The focus of materiomics is the interconnectivity of material functionality and behaviour, rather than an independent collection of properties. As we strive for the ultimate performance, it is the fundamental understanding of the mechanisms that exist and ultimately the link between processes, structures, and properties at multiple scales, from nano to macro.

Only through this systematic approach to understanding the building blocks of materials science can we continue to enhance and drive innovation. Innovation and growth opportunities continue at a pace within the advanced ceramics market place and the performance challenges being pushed to the material limits. We will review that while product innovation and differentiation is always important, interconnected operational and supply chain innovations lead to a more productive and profitable manufacturing company. Creating a company culture that focuses on innovating in all aspects of the business process can have a dramatic impact on the chances of success, but also productivity of the entire supply chain.

Why Soft Processing(=Low-Energy Production) of Advanced  Materials is Difficult but Necessary for Sustainable Society?

Masahiro Yoshimura
Distinguished Chair Professor, Dept of Mater.,Sci. and Eng., National Cheng Kung University, Tainan,Taiwan:
Prof. Emeritus. Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan:

Modern our society has been developed with various advanced materials. Most of advanced materials, Metallurgical materials, Semiconductors, Ceramic materials and Plastics have been used in wide area of applications like structural, mechanical, chemical, electrical, electronic, optical, photonic, biological, medical, etc. Most of them except for bio-polymers & bio-minerals have never been produced  via biological systems. Thus they have generally been fabricated artificially and/or industrially by so-called high-technology, where  high temperature, high pressure, vacuum, molecule, atom, ion, plasma, etc. have been used for their fabrications, then consumed huge amount of resources and energies thus exhausted  huge amounts of wastes: materials, heats and entropy. To save this tragedy, we must consider water-based industries.
Considering the lowering of  total energy consumption, we have challenged to fabricate those advanced inorganic materials with desired shape/size/location,etc. directly in low energetic routes using aqueous solutions since 1989 when we found a method to fabricate BaTiO3 film on Ti substrate in a Ba(OH)2 solution by Hydrothermal Electrochemical[HEC] method at low temperatures of 60-200 C.  We  proposed in 1995 an innovative concept and technology, “Soft Processing” or “Soft Solution Processing,” which aims low energetic (=environmentally friendly) fabrication of shaped, sized, located, and oriented inorganic materials in/from solutions.  It can be regarded as one of bio-inspired processing, green processing, or eco-processing.  When we have activated/stimulated interfacial reactions locally and/or moved the reaction point dynamically, we can get patterned ceramic films directly in solution without any firing, masking nor etching.   Direct Patterning of CdS, PbS and CaWO4 on papers by Ink-Jet Reaction method. Furthermore, we have succeeded to fabricate BaTiO3 patterns on Ti by a laser beam scanning and carbon patterns on Si by plasma using a needle electrode scanning directly  in solutions.  Successes in TiO2 and CeO2 patterns by Ink-Jet Deposition, where nano-particles are nucleated and grown successively on the surface of substrate thus become dense  even below 300 C will be presented. Nano-structured films will be also talked. .A recent novel subject, Soft Processing for various nano-carbons including Graphene and functionalized Graphene, will be introduced. Where we have succeeded to prepare functionalized Graphene Ink via successive processes under ambient temperature  and pressure conditions.(3-6)
1)  MRS Bulletin,25[9],Sept. issue 2000, special issue for Soft Processing of Advanced Inorganic Materials ,Guest Editor:M. Yoshimura and J. Livage.
2)  Yoshimura, M., J. Mater. Sci.,41 [5],1299-1306 (2006), 43[7]2085-2103(2008).
3) J. Senthilnathan, M.Yoshimura et al., J. Mater Chem A,(2014) 2, 3332-3337 (2015)
4) Sanjeeva Rao, K and  Yoshimura, M  et al. Adv. Funct. Mater.,25,298-305(2015)  
5).SenthilNathan J. et al. , J. Mater. Chem A, 3, 3035 (2016)
6) Elumalai Satheeshkumar,Taron Makaron,Yury Gogotsi,M. Yoshimura, Sci, Repts,
Aug. 16,(2016)

Glasses and glass transition for ceramists

Edgar D. Zanotto
Department of Materials Engineering, Center for Research, Technology and Education in Vitreous Materials, Federal University of São Carlos, SP, Brazil

Natural glasses have “always” existed, whereas synthetic glasses were created approximately 6,000 years ago and are now omnipresent - and unreplaceable in many cases - in our daily routine. In this talk, we
will consider some fundamental questions related to the intrinsic nature of glasses, which are not always clear to ceramicists, such as: what is glass? What is the glass transition? Are glasses solids or liquids? Do glasses flow at room temperature? Can all glasses be crystallized? We will show that glasses are unstable and spontaneously start to relax toward the supercooled liquid state at any temperature above absolute zero. Finally, to end the science part of the talk, we present and explain a modern definition for glasses.

To illustrate their realm of applications, we show some novel uses of modern inorganic glasses, such as bioactive glasses, optical fibers, spectacles for colorblind correction, UV and IR-filters and ultra-strong glasses for electronic device displays. We finally show that, after controlled crystallization, specific glasses turn into glass-ceramics -- polycrystalline materials that are related to, but not the same as sintered ceramics. Glass-ceramics exhibit some unusual combinations of properties that make them unique, such as dental applications or transparent, low CTE materials for telescope mirrors and cooktops.

The talk is illustrated using videos about the glass transition phenomenon and some unusual mechanical properties. We finish the speech by asking three questions to the participants: How many vitreous materials have already been made? How many can still be produced? How can new glasses be designed? Optimistically the speech and its contents will be
educative and fun for ceramists, and even perhaps for glass scientists?

*Note: Due to personnal reasons, Dr. Martin Harmer's talk was cancelled.



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